Wounds, whether accidental (caused by cars, other animals, sharp objects, gunshots, blunt impact or falling) or intentional (ear cropping, tail docking, surgery) can result in pain, bleeding, infection and loss of function. Basic wound management includes:
- control of bleeding
- removal of dead tissue
- promotion of new blood vessels
- wound closure
Common bacterial pathogens are implicated in many infected wounds. Gaining entry through broken skin or mucous membranes, they begin to multiply. Tissue trauma often produces reduced or obstructed blood supply, which shields the bacteria from the host's immune system and favours continued growth. Certain bacteria also produce enzymes and toxins that accelerate the death of surrounding cells and tissue. Some bacteria encapsulate themselves, creating a physical barrier between the infection and the body's defenses.
A typical infection produces inflammation, dead tissue and pus-filled abscesses. If bacteria enter the bloodstream, they readily invade almost any tissue and organ in the body, including bone. Osteomyelitis (infection of the bone and associated tissues), pyoderma (pus-associated skin infection), and pyometra (pus in the uterus) can all be caused by these bacteria.
Effective treatment of these infections often starts with surgical drainage of the pus and wound cleansing. Antibiotic therapy requires a drug active against the bacteria and must also be able to penetrate beyond the body's circulation to the site of infection.
For more information on antibiotic options, please visit your veterinarian
Unattended wounds are an ideal breeding ground for infection.
If your vet prescribes antibiotics for your pet you should ensure that you adhere to the prescribing recommendations:
- Ensure you give the correct dosage
- Make sure your pet consumes all that is required and does not spit half the dose out. Disguise the tablet in food if necessary
- Ensure you dose your pet at the correct interval. If you have to give tablets twice daily for example, try and give them at 12 hour intervals.
- Always complete the full course of antibiotics. Even if your pet is looking much better before the course is completed, you should continue administering as prescribed. Should you stop treatment prematurely, you may leave certain nasty bacteria behind which will multiply and become a resistant population of bugs. In this way you will be promoting resistance to antibiotics.
- If your pet does not improve on antibiotics you should immediately seek your veterinarian’s advice.
Disclaimer: Zoetis takes no responsibility for any claims that may arise from information contained in this information sheet. Individual situations may vary from location to location and it is recommended that you consult your veterinarian before any management or treatment decisions are implemented.
Vrywaring: Zoetis neem geen verantwoordelikheid vir enige eise wat mag voortspruit uit inligting vervat in hierdie inligtingsdokument. Individuele situasies varieer van plek tot plek en dit word voorgestel dat u eers u veearts kontak alvorens enige bestuurs- of behandelingsbesluite geïmplementeer word.